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Virginia W. Chang

Virginia W. Chang, MD, PhD is Associate Professor of Global Public Health and Interim Chair, Department of Social Behavioral Sciences at NYU College of Global Public Health (CGPH), Associate Professor of Population Health at NYU School of Medicine, and Affiliated Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology at NYU. As a physician and sociologist, Dr. Chang integrates perspectives from medicine, epidemiology, sociology, and demography in her research. Much of her work has focused on obesity and health disparities, engaging topics such as the influence of socially structured context (e.g., racial segregation, neighborhood disorder); the association of obesity with mortality and disability; and the inter-relationships between health, medical technologies, and stratification. Her research program has been funded by the NIH/NICHD, the NIH/NHLBI, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Veterans Health Administration, the Measy Foundation, and the American Diabetes Association. In 2008, Dr. Chang was named Outstanding Junior Investigator of the Year by the Society of General Internal Medicine. In 2010, she was honored with the Marjorie A. Bowman Award from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine for achievement in the health evaluation sciences. Dr. Chang is a graduate of the Inteflex Program at the University of Michigan, where she received her BS and MD degrees. She then completed a residency in internal medicine, fellowship training with the RWJF Clinical Scholars Program, and a PhD in sociology, all at the University of Chicago. Prior to joining NYU, Dr. Chang was in the Division of General Internal Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and a staff physician at the Philadelphia Veterans Administration Medical Center.

 

PhD, University of Chicago 2003, Sociology

MA, University of Chicago 2000, Sociology

MD, University of Michigan Medical School 1994, Medicine

BS, University of Michigan 1991, Biomedical Sciences and Philosophy

POST-GRADUATE TRAINING

Fellow, Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, University of Chicago, 1997-1999

Resident, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, 1995-1997

Intern, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, 1994-1995

 

LICENSURE AND CERTIFICATIONS

Licensed Medical Physician, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 2003-

Diplomate, American Board of Internal Medicine, 1997 (recertified in 2007)

Licensed Physician, State of Illinois, 1997-2005

POST-GRADUATE TRAINING

Fellow, Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, University of Chicago, 1997-1999

Resident, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, 1995-1997

Intern, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, 1994-1995

 

LICENSURE AND CERTIFICATIONS

Licensed Medical Physician, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 2003-

Diplomate, American Board of Internal Medicine, 1997 (recertified in 2007)

Licensed Physician, State of Illinois, 1997-2005

AWARDS 

Majorie A. Bowman Research Award, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 2010

Outstanding Junior Investigator of the Year, Society of General Internal Medicine, 2008

Robert Austrian Faculty Award for Health Evaluation Research, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 2008

Physician Faculty Scholars Award, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2007

Finalist, Hamolsky Junior Faculty Award, Society of General Internal Medicine, 2004

Finalist, Richard Saller Prize for Best Dissertation in the Division of the Social Sciences, University of Chicago, 2003

Graduate University Fellowship, University of Chicago, 1997-2001

Eli G. Rochelson Memorial Award for Excellence in Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, 1994

Biomedical Research Program Scholarship, University of Michigan Medical School, 1991

James B. Angell Scholar, University of Michigan, 1988

William J. Branstrom Freshman Prize, University of Michigan, 1986
 

GRANT SUPPORT

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Office of Minority Health Analytic Support Contract (HHSM-500-2011-00019I). 8/14-8/15 (with 4 option yrs), Role: Expert Advisory Panel/Consultant

American Diabetes Association, Clinical/Translational Research Award, "The Obesity Paradox: A Population-Based Examination of Mortality and Morbidity." 1/13-12/16, Role: Principal Investigator

NIH, NIA (R01-AG040212), "The Contribution of Obesity to International Differences in Longevity." 9/11-8/16, Role: Co-Investigator

VA HSR&D, Merit Award (IIR 11-109), "Long-term Consequences for Veterans with Sepsis." 10/11-9/14, Role: Co-Investigator

NIH, NHLBI (R01-HL086830), "Dynamic Relationship of BMI and SES over the Life Cycle and Between Generations." 6/07-5/12, Role: Principal Investigator

VA HSR&D, Merit Award (IIR 06-196), "Influence of Obesity in Veterans' Quality of Care." 10/07-9/11, Role: Principal Investigator

RWJF, Physician Faculty Scholars Program, "Weight Status and Quality of Care among Older U.S. Adults." 7/07-6/10, Role: Principal Investigator

RWJF, Health & Societies Scholars Program, "Predictors and Outcomes Associated with Changes in Weight over the Lifecourse." 9/07-8/08, Role: Co-Principal Investigator

NIH, NICHD (K12-HD043459), Career Development Award, "Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health." 2/03-1/08, Role: Scholar

RWJF, Active Living Research Program, "The Influence of Neighborhood Disorder and Crime on Physical Activity." 10/04-10/06, Role: Principal Investigator

Measy Foundation Award, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 11/03-6/06, Role: Principal Investigator

NIH, NCI (P50-CA105641), "Segregation and Racial Disparities in Prostate Cancer." 9/03-8/08, Role: Co-Investigator

University of Pennsylvania Research Foundation, "Prevalence of Surgical Treatment of Severe Obesity in the U.S. Medicare Elderly Population, 7/05-6/06, Role: Principal Investigator

Population Aging Research Center, University of Pennsylvania, "Bodily Capital and Socioeconomic Mobility." 7/05-6/06, Role: Principal Investigator

Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia VAMC, "Residential Segregation and Obesity." 1/04-12/04, Role: Principal Investigator

EXPORT Center, University of Pennsylvania, "Neighborhood Context and Social Disparities in Weight Outcomes." 1/04-12/04, Role: Principal Investigator

AHRQ (T32-HS00084), National Research Service Award, 9/99-8/01, Role: Post-Doctoral Fellow

PUHE-GE 2361 Research Methods

UGPH-GU 10 Health and Society in a Global Context

Associate Editor, Journal of Health & Social Behavior, 2014-

Chang, Virginia W., Dawn E. Alley, and Jennifer B. Dowd. Forthcoming. "Trends in the Relationship of Obesity and Disability, 1988-2012." American Journal of Epidemiology.

Pomeranz, Jennifer L. and Virginia W. Chang. Forthcoming. "Severe Deprivations of Education Should be Considered States of Emergency." Journal of Public Health Management & Practice.

Krueger, Patrick M., Melanie K. Tran, Robert A. Hummer, and Virginia W. Chang. 2015. "Mortality Attributable to Low Levels of Education in the United States." PLoS ONE 10(7):e0131809. (view)

Prescott, Hallie C., Virginia W. Chang, James M. O’Brian, Kenneth M. Langa, and Theodore J. Iwashyna. 2014. “Obesity and 1-Year Outcomes in Older Americans with Severe Sepsis.” Critical Care Medicine 42(8):1766-1774. (view)

Myrskylä, Mikko, Neil K. Mehta, and Virginia W. Chang. 2013. “Early Life Exposure to the 1918 Pandemic and Old-Age Mortality by Cause of Death.” American Journal of Public Health 103(7):e83-e90. (view)

Krueger, Patrick M., Saint Onge, Jarron M., and Virginia W. Chang. 2011. “Race/Ethnic Differences in Adult Mortality: The Role of Perceived Stress and Health Behaviors.” Social Science & Medicine 73(9):1312-1322. (view)

Mehta, Neil K. and Virginia W. Chang. 2011. “Secular Declines in the Association between Obesity and Mortality in the United States.” Population Development and Review 37(3):435-451. (view)

Medalia, Carla and Virginia W. Chang. 2011. “Gender Equality, Development, and Cross-National Sex Gaps in Life Expectancy.” International Journal of Comparative Sociology 52(5):371-389. (view)

Mehta, Neil K. and Virginia W. Chang. 2011. “Obesity and Mortality.” Pp. 502-516 in The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Obesity, edited by John H. Cawley. New York: Oxford University Press.

Chang, Virginia W., David A. Asch, and Rachel M. Werner. 2010. “Quality of Care among Obese Patients.” JAMA 303(13):1274-1281. (view)

Chang, Virginia W. 2010. “Obesity Among Poor Americans: Is Public Assistance the Problem?” by Patricia K. Smith [book review] Contemporary Sociology 39(2):204-205. (view)

Alley, Dawn E and Virginia W Chang. 2010. “Metabolic Syndrome and Weight Gain in Adulthood.” Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences 65A(1):111-117. (view)

Long, Judith A, Sam Field, Katrina Armstrong, Virginia W. Chang, and Joshua P. Metlay. 2010. “Social Capital and Glucose Control.” Journal of Community Health 35(5):519-526. (view)

Chang, Virginia W. and Diane S. Lauderdale. 2009. “Fundamental Cause Theory, Technological Innovation, and Health Disparities: The Case of Cholesterol in the Era of Statins.” Journal of Health & Social Behavior 50(3):245-260. (view)

Chang, Virginia W., Amy E. Hillier, and Neil K. Mehta. 2009. “Neighborhood Racial Isolation, Disorder, and Obesity.” Social Forces 87(4):2063-2092. (view)

Mehta, Neil K. and Virginia W. Chang. 2009. “Mortality Attributable to Obesity among Middle-Aged Adults in the United States.” Demography 46(4):851-872. (view)

Myrskylä, Mikko and Virginia W. Chang. 2009. “Weight Change, Initial BMI, and Mortality among Middle- and Older-Aged Adults.” Epidemiology 20(6):840-848. (view)

Putt, Mary, Judith A. Long, Chantal Montagnet, Jeffrey H. Silber, Virginia W. Chang, Kaijun Liao, J. Sanford Schwartz, Craig E. Pollack, Yu-Ning Wong, and Katrina Armstrong. 2009. “Racial Differences in the Impact of Comorbidities on Survival among Elderly Men with Prostate Cancer.” Medical Care Research and Review 66(4):409-435. (view)

Chang, Virginia W. 2008. “Affect and Heart Disease,” [editorial] BMJ 337(7660):a177. (view)

Krueger, Patrick M. and Virginia W. Chang. 2008. “Being Poor and Coping with Stress: Health Behaviors and the Risk of Death.” American Journal of Public Health 98(5):889-896. (view)

Werner, Rachel M. and Virginia W. Chang. 2008. “The Impact of Clinical Complexity on Measured Performance and Satisfaction with Care.” Journal of General Internal Medicine 23(11):1729-1735. (view)

Mehta, Neil K. and Virginia W. Chang. 2008. “Weight Status and Restaurant Availability: A Multilevel Analysis.” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 34(2):127-133. (view)

Alley, Dawn E., Virginia W. Chang, and Jalpa Doshi. 2008. "The Shape of Things to Come: Obesity, Aging, and Disability" LDI Issue Brief 13(330):1-4. (view)

Alley, Dawn E. and Virginia W. Chang. 2007. “The Changing Relationship of Obesity and Disability, 1988-2004.” JAMA 298(17): 2020-2027. (view)

Doshi, Jalpa A., Daniel Polsky, and Virginia W. Chang. 2007. “Prevalence and Trends in Obesity among Aged and Disabled U.S. Medicare Beneficiaries, 1997-2002.” Health Affairs 26(4):1111-1117. (view)

Chang, Virginia W. 2006. “Racial Residential Segregation and Weight Status among U.S. Adults.” Social Science & Medicine 63(5):1289-1303. (view)

Miech, Richard A., Shiriki K. Kumanyika, Nicolas Stettler, Bruce G. Link, Jo C. Phelan, and Virginia W. Chang. 2006. “Trends in the Association of Poverty with Overweight among U.S. Adolescents, 1971-2004.” JAMA 295(20):2385-2393. (view)

Chang, Virginia W. and Diane S. Lauderdale. 2005. “Income Disparities in Body Mass Index and Obesity in the United States, 1971-2002.” Archives of Internal Medicine 165(18):2122-2128. (view)

Chang, Virginia W. and Nicholas A. Christakis. 2005. “Income Inequality and Weight Status in U.S. Metropolitan Areas.” Social Science & Medicine 61(1):83-96. (view)

Chang, Virginia W. 2005. “Conceiving Risk, Bearing Responsibility: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome & the Diagnosis of Moral Disorder,” by Elizabeth M. Armstrong [book review] American Journal of Sociology 110(5):1513-1515. (view)

Chang, Virginia W. 2005. "U.S. Obesity, Weight Gain, and Socioeconomic Status" CHERP Policy Brief 3(1):1-4.

Long, Judith A., Virginia W. Chang, Said A. Ibrahim, and David A. Asch. 2004. “Update on the Health Disparities Literature.” Annals of Internal Medicine 141(10):805-812. (view)

Chang, Virginia W. and Nicholas A. Christakis. 2003. “Self-perception of Weight Appropriateness in the U.S.” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 24(4): 332-339. (view)

Chang, Virginia W. and Nicholas A. Christakis. 2002. “Medical Modeling of Obesity: A Transition from Action to Experience in a 20th Century American Medical Textbook.” Sociology of Health & Illness 24(2):151-177. (view)

Iwashyna, Theodore J., Virginia W. Chang, James X. Zhang, and Nicholas A. Christakis. 2002. “The Lack of Effect of Market Structure on Hospice Use.” Health Services Research 37(6):1531-1551. (view)

Iwashyna, Theodore J. and Virginia W. Chang. 2002. “Racial and Ethnic Differences in Place of Death: United States, 1993.” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 50(6):1113-1117. (view)

Chang, Virginia W. and Nicholas A. Christakis. 2001. “Extent and Determinants of Discrepancy between Self-Evaluations of Weight Status and Clinical Standards.” Journal of General Internal Medicine 16(8):538-543. (view)

 

Virginia Chang

Virginia Chang, MD, PhD,
CGPH Associate Professor of Global Public Health and Interim Chair, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences 

Phone: 212-992-7696
Email: vc43@nyu.edu

 

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