NYU Launches Online MPH Geared Toward Graduate Students in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

May 23, 2017

The College of Global Public Health Degree to Focus on Meeting 2030 UN Sustainable Development Goals in Public Health

First Class to Include Twenty Students from Low-Income Nations Who Wi

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A Comparison of Alternative Tobacco Product Usage, Knowledge and Beliefs Between the New York City Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered Community and Heterosexuals

Jannat-Khah, D. P., Reynolds, S. A., Dill, L., & Joseph, M. A.

Publication year

2017

Journal title

Journal of Community Health

Volume

42

Issue

5

Page(s)

903-910
Abstract
Within the United States, alternative tobacco product (ATP) and varies by geographic region, gender and age. Few articles have been published on the usage of these products among the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or queer (LGBTQ) population. A web-based anonymous survey administered through Google Forms, was used to collect data on current tobacco usage, knowledge and beliefs from adult heterosexuals, homosexuals, bisexuals and transgendered persons residing in New York City from May 2014 to July 2014. Sixty-four individuals completed the survey; 30 were heterosexual and 32 identified as either lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or queer. Heterosexuals were found to have tried cigarettes, on average, almost a year before the LGBTQ respondents. Social networks were influential to LGBTQ respondents for an introduction to smoking; 48.00% were introduced by friends, 28.00% by family, 12.00% by a significant other and 9.09% by someone else. For heterosexuals, 73.68% reported that friends introduced them to smoking. More heterosexuals reported trying hookah (N = 10), snus (N = 4) and roll your own cigarettes (N = 5). On average respondents knew of eight different tobacco products, regardless of sexual identity. To our knowledge, we present for the first time a comparison of people who tried, current and former users of ATPs, beliefs and knowledge about ATPs, and sources of knowledge of ATPs by sexual identity from NYC. More research is needed to examine the impact of social networks and the upcoming FDA regulations on ATPs have on the overall prevalence of usage among the LGBTQ community.

Poetic Justice: Engaging in Participatory Narrative Analysis to Find Solace in the “Killer Corridor”

Dill, L.

Publication year

2014

Journal title

American journal of community psychology

Volume

55

Issue

1

Page(s)

128-135
Abstract
The author engaged with adolescents at a community-based youth organization as “co-researchers” to delve deeper into the lived experiences of youth of color residing in an urban neighborhood undergoing change. Participatory narrative analysis was used to empower participants to produce texts to make sense of their lives and their home, school, and neighborhood contexts. The process of engaging youth as co-researchers and experts in issues pertaining to their own neighborhood is discussed. Nuanced analyses of poems-as-data is shown to be critical in informing the recent surge of interdisciplinary, community-engaged, place-based initiatives focused on neighborhood revitalization, violence prevention, and positive youth development.

Extreme data reduction: the case for the research Tanka

Furman, R., & Dill, L.

Publication year

2015

Journal title

Journal of Poetry Therapy

Volume

28

Issue

1

Page(s)

43-52
Abstract
This article demonstrates how research Tankas can be used as a means of data reduction and representation in qualitative research. This study consists of a secondary analysis of several data sources, and utilizes a process of co-constructed data analysis using the thematic analysis and research poetry. The authors explore the nature of poetry in qualitative research. Original data are juxtaposed with cocreated themes and research poems which are used as containers for data reduction and the creation of additional layers of meaning. Implications for qualitative research area presented.

“I’m Not Just Runnin’ the Streets”: Exposure to Neighborhood Violence and Violence Management Strategies Among Urban Youth of Color

Dill, L., & Ozer, E. J.

Publication year

2016

Journal title

Journal of Adolescent Research

Volume

31

Issue

5

Page(s)

536-556
Abstract
This article examines the experiences of 25 youth of color living in East Oakland, California. Building on empirical studies examining violence prevention efforts on the behalf of and among youth and using an ethnographic approach, this study samples young people, with varying levels of education, income, and motivation for involvement, attending the same youth-serving organization in East Oakland. The findings offer a frame of “violence management strategies” for the active ways in which youth strategically avoid unsafe spaces and people and seek out safe spaces and people on a daily basis within their neighborhoods marked by high rates of crime, violence, and physical disorder. These findings lift up youth as experts of their own neighborhoods. The implications of these findings for adolescent research, practice, and policy are discussed.

“I want a second chance”: Experiences of African American fathers in reentry

Dill, L., Mahaffey, C., Mosley, T., Treadwell, H., Barkwell, F., & Barnhill, S.

Publication year

2016

Journal title

American Journal of Men's Health

Volume

10

Issue

6

Page(s)

459-465
Abstract
With over 700,000 people on average released from prison each year to communities, greater attention is warranted on the experiences and needs of those who are parents and seeking to develop healthy relationships with their children and families. This study seeks to explore the experiences of African American fathers in reentry. Qualitative data from 16 African American men enrolled in a fellowship program for fathers were collected from a focus group and analyzed for common themes and using standpoint theory. Four themes emerged that focused on fathers’ commitment toward healthy and successful reintegration postincarceration: redemption, employment, health care, and social support. Focus group participants actively strive to develop and rebuild healthy relationships with their children through seeking gainful employment and through bonding with like-minded peers. Barriers in accessing health care are also discussed. Research findings may inform future programs and policies related to supporting fathers and their children in reentry.

THE ENDURING ATLANTA COMPROMISE: Black Youth Contending with Home Foreclosures and School Closures in the "New South"

Dill, L., Morrison, O., & Dunn, M.

Publication year

2016

Journal title

Du Bois Review

Volume

13

Issue

2

Page(s)

365-377
Abstract
Waves of migration to and flight from Atlanta by both White and Black residents and businesses have constantly imagined and re-imagined the city as both politically regressive and racially progressive, and from an environmental health perspective, as both a riskscape and a safe haven. We argue that the persistent racial, social, environmental, and health inequities in Atlanta have been fostered and exacerbated by the exponential growth of the city and the persistent rhetoric of it being "the city too busy to hate." This paper is informed by extant research on housing and transportation policies and processes at work in Atlanta since the end of the Civil War, and in particular, the predatory and subprime lending practices during the past thirty years. This paper examines how young people, living in a neighborhood where over 50% of the houses are currently vacant and contending with threats of school closures, experience the contemporary foreclosure crisis. Using qualitative data from focus groups with middle school youth, this paper offers youth-informed perspectives and local knowledge by offering responses of marginalized populations in Atlanta who inhabit, rather than flee, their built and social environments.

Poetry therapy, men and masculinities

Furman, R., & Dill, L.

Publication year

2012

Journal title

Arts in Psychotherapy

Volume

39

Issue

2

Page(s)

102-106
Abstract
Therapists have long utilized poetry with various at risk male populations. Yet, in spite of its use, therapists have also been aware of the dilemmas associated with using poetry in a population whose behavior and identity may at times run counter to the core tenants of poetry therapy. However, the literature of poetry therapy does not fully explore what therapists need to know about men and masculinities in order to work with them. This article helps prepare therapists using poetry to become more sensitive to gender issues and utilize this understanding in their practice with men. It explores some of the key concepts from gender and masculinities studies and provides examples for how these concepts can be used in practice.

Stress, Socializing, and Other Motivations for Smoking Among the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Community in New York City

Jannat-Khah, D. P., Dill, L., Reynolds, S. A., & Joseph, M. A.

Publication year

2018

Journal title

American Journal of Health Promotion

Volume

32

Issue

5

Page(s)

1178-1186
Abstract
Purpose: This study contributes to the emerging literature on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, and queer (LGBTQ) health disparities and tobacco use by examining the motivations for smoking among the New York City (NYC) LGBTQ population. Approach: We used grounded theory and blended methods from 3 grounded theorists—Strauss, Corbin, and Charmaz—for data collection, coding, and analysis. Setting: NYC has extensive legislation to prevent smoking; however, the current smoking prevalence of homosexuals is double that of heterosexuals. Participants: Study participants were leaders from 23 NYC LGBTQ organizations. Leaders were chosen to establish a relationship with community and to ensure cultural sensitivity. Eligibility criteria required holding a leadership position in an organization serving the NYC LGBTQ community. Methods: Interviews were transcribed verbatim and uploaded into Dedoose for analysis. An initial code list was developed from the interview guide. Key themes were identified as the themes with the most number of quotes. Results: Three key themes emerged from our interviews: image, socializing, and stress. Smoking was reported to be a socialization aid and a maladaptive coping technique for stress arising from interactions of conflicting identities. Conclusion: Future smoking cessation interventions among the LGBTQ community should equip smokers with healthy coping mechanisms that address the stressors that arise from the intersections of smokers’ many identities.

“Wearing My Spiritual Jacket”: The Role of Spirituality as a Coping Mechanism Among African American Youth

Dill, L.

Publication year

2017

Journal title

Health Education and Behavior

Volume

44

Issue

5

Page(s)

696-704
Abstract
There is growing evidence in the theoretical literature regarding the importance of religion and religiosity in people’s lives, particularly concerning their health and well-being. Spirituality, a related but different concept, has been less well studied, especially empirically, but shows promise as a mechanism for coping with deleterious social and health circumstances. This article details a qualitative exploration of the role of spiritual coping in the lives of urban African American youth. Data were gathered through in-depth, semistructured interviews with 20 African American youth, ages 12 to 20 years. The findings indicate that urban African American youth have multifaceted dimensions of their spirituality, including the role of prayer in their lives, an unwavering faith in a higher power, and the importance of giving back to their communities. Such findings offer counterstories, generated through ethnographic research, to the dominant discourses regarding urban African American youth. Ultimately, this study’s findings have implications for research and practice related to the mechanisms of both ill-health and wellness among youth.
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